Oral health and risk factors for dental caries of low-income scholars enrolled in a full-time study program

Oral health and risk factors for dental caries of scholars

  • Patricia Nivoloni Tannure Veiga de Almeida University (UVA), Rio de Janeiro
  • Denise Noya Oliveira Veiga de Almeida University (UVA), Rio de Janeiro
  • Andrea Graciene Ramos Lopes Valente Veiga de Almeida University (UVA), Rio de Janeiro
  • Marcia Rejane Thomas Canabarro Andrade Federal Fluminense University (UFF), Nova Friburgo
  • Tatiana Kelly da Silva Fidalgo State University of Rio de Janeiro (UERJ), Rio de Janeiro
  • Andrea Fonseca-Gonçalves Federal University of Rio de Janeiro, (UFRJ), Rio de Janeiro

Resumo

Many factors are associated with caries development in children, including the daily environment. Thinking that few studies evaluate oral condition in a full-time educational environment, this study aimed to identify the oral health conditions and risk factors for caries in children enrolled in a public educational program that are in a full-time study program. Data were collected from parents and children aged 3-12 years that were enrolled in the shelter, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. The parents answered a questionnaire with socio-demographic, oral hygiene, habits and diet information. The children underwent clinical examinations. The association between children’s caries and: parents education level; socioeconomic status; dental biofilm; hypoplasia, gingival bleeding and malocclusion was performed (Chi-square or Fisher’s exact tests; p<0.05). Thirty-eight parents attended the interview. The predominant caregivers were mothers with a high school complete degree and belonging to low income family. From a sample of 350, 38 children (7.27±2.22 years) were examined during nine months. Most of these children were girls (63.2%) in the mixed dentition (69%) and without caries (61.9%). According to caries index, the highest average was found in the primary dentition (dmt-t = 1.20±2.12) while in the permanent one the mean was 0.35±0.86. Biofilm, hypoplasia, gingival bleeding and malocclusion were not associated with caries (p>0.05). The socioeconomics determinants and the risk factors were not considered predisposing factors for caries, which suggest that educational programs of full-time study exerts a positive influence on children’s oral health.

Biografia do Autor

Patricia Nivoloni Tannure, Veiga de Almeida University (UVA), Rio de Janeiro

Professora de Odontopediatria 

Denise Noya Oliveira, Veiga de Almeida University (UVA), Rio de Janeiro

Disciplina de Odontopediatria

 

Andrea Graciene Ramos Lopes Valente, Veiga de Almeida University (UVA), Rio de Janeiro

Disciplina de Odontopediatria

Marcia Rejane Thomas Canabarro Andrade, Federal Fluminense University (UFF), Nova Friburgo

Disciplina de Odontopediatria

Departamento de Formação Específica

Tatiana Kelly da Silva Fidalgo, State University of Rio de Janeiro (UERJ), Rio de Janeiro

Disciplina de Odontopediatria

Departamento de Odontologia Preventiva e Comunitária

Andrea Fonseca-Gonçalves, Federal University of Rio de Janeiro, (UFRJ), Rio de Janeiro

Disciplina de Odontopediatria

Departamento de Ortodontia e Odontopediatria

Publicado
2018-05-03
Como Citar
TANNURE, Patricia Nivoloni et al. Oral health and risk factors for dental caries of low-income scholars enrolled in a full-time study program. Revista Científica do CRO-RJ (Rio de Janeiro Dental Journal), [S.l.], v. 3, n. 1, p. 42-47, maio 2018. Disponível em: <http://revcientifica.cro-rj.org.br/index.php/revista/article/view/9>. Acesso em: 26 ago. 2019.
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Artigos